Algorithmic Trading Model for Trend-Following with APO Indicator Strategy Using Python Take 1

NOTE: This script is for learning purposes only and does not constitute a recommendation for buying or selling any stock mentioned in this script.

SUMMARY: This project aims to construct and test an algorithmic trading model and document the end-to-end steps using a template.

INTRODUCTION: This algorithmic trading model examines a simple trend-following strategy for a stock. The model enters a position when the price reaches either the highest or lowest points for the last X number of days. The model will exit the trade when the stock’s MACD histogram switches side.

In addition to the stock price, the models will also use the absolute price oscillator (APO) indicator to confirm the buy/sell signal further. Finally, the strategy will also incorporate a profit/loss threshold. The strategy will exit the position when the profit or loss has reached the established threshold.

In this Take1 iteration, we will set up the models using a trend window size for long trades only. The window size will vary from 10 to 20 trading days at a 5-day increment. We will use 10 to 20 days for the fast EMA curve and 40 to 50 days for the slow EMA curve. The models will also incorporate an APO indicator with a range of plus and minus 2 to 4 dollars. Furthermore, we will establish a profit cap of 15% and a loss threshold of 8%.

ANALYSIS: In this Take1 iteration, we analyzed the stock prices for Costco Wholesale (COST) between January 1, 2018, and March 19, 2021. The top trading model produced a profit of 136.38 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 109.12 dollars per share.

CONCLUSION: For the stock of COST during the modeling time frame, the long-only trading strategy with profit/loss limits did not produce a better return than the buy-and-hold approach. We should consider modeling this stock further by experimenting with more variations of the strategy.

Dataset ML Model: Time series analysis with numerical attributes

Dataset Used: Quandl

The HTML formatted report can be found here on GitHub.

Algorithmic Trading Model for Trend-Following with MACD Indicator Strategy Using Python Take 3

NOTE: This script is for learning purposes only and does not constitute a recommendation for buying or selling any stock mentioned in this script.

SUMMARY: This project aims to construct and test an algorithmic trading model and document the end-to-end steps using a template.

INTRODUCTION: This algorithmic trading model examines a simple trend-following strategy for a stock. The model enters a position when the price reaches either the highest or the lowest points for the last X number of days. The model will exit the trade when the stock’s MACD histogram switches side.

In addition to the stock price, the models will also use the trading volume indicator to confirm the buy/sell signal further. Finally, the strategy will also incorporate a profit/loss threshold. The strategy will exit the position when the profit or the loss has reached the threshold.

From iteration Take1, we set up the models using a trend window size for long trades only. The window size varied from 10 to 20 trading days at a 5-day increment. We used 10 to 20 days for the fast EMA curve and 40 to 50 days for the slow EMA curve. The models also incorporated a volume indicator with a fixed window size of 10 days to confirm the buy/sell signal. Furthermore, we established a profit threshold of 15% and a loss threshold of 8%.

From iteration Take2, we set up the models using a trend window size for short trades only. The window size varied from 10 to 20 trading days at a 5-day increment. We used 10 to 20 days for the fast EMA curve and 40 to 50 days for the slow EMA curve. The models also incorporated a volume indicator with a fixed window size of 10 days to confirm the buy/sell signal. Furthermore, we established a profit threshold of 15% and a loss threshold of 8%.

In this Take3 iteration, we will set up the models using a trend window size for long and short trades. The window size will vary from 10 to 20 trading days at a 5-day increment. We will use 10 to 20 days for the fast EMA curve and 40 to 50 days for the slow EMA curve. The models will also incorporate a volume indicator with a fixed window size of 10 days to confirm the buy/sell signal. Furthermore, we will establish a profit threshold of 15% and a loss threshold of 8%.

ANALYSIS: From iteration Take1, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018, and March 12, 2021. The top trading model produced a profit of 56.72 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 77.86 dollars per share.

From iteration Take2, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018, and March 12, 2021. The top trading model produced a profit of 19.93 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 77.86 dollars per share.

In this Take3 iteration, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018, and March 12, 2021. The top trading model produced a profit of 70.80 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 77.86 dollars per share.

CONCLUSION: For the stock of AAPL during the modeling time frame, the long trading strategy with profit/loss limits did not produce a better return than the buy-and-hold approach. We should consider modeling this stock further by experimenting with more variations of the strategy.

Dataset ML Model: Time series analysis with numerical attributes

Dataset Used: Quandl

The HTML formatted report can be found here on GitHub.

Algorithmic Trading Model for Trend-Following with MACD Indicator Strategy Using Python Take 2

NOTE: This script is for learning purposes only and does not constitute a recommendation for buying or selling any stock mentioned in this script.

SUMMARY: This project aims to construct and test an algorithmic trading model and document the end-to-end steps using a template.

INTRODUCTION: This algorithmic trading model examines a simple trend-following strategy for a stock. The model enters a position when the price reaches either the highest or the lowest points for the last X number of days. The model will exit the trade when the stock’s MACD histogram switches side.

In addition to the stock price, the models will also use the trading volume indicator to confirm the buy/sell signal further. Finally, the strategy will also incorporate a profit/loss threshold. The strategy will exit the position when the profit or the loss has reached the threshold.

From iteration Take1, we set up the models using a trend window size for long trades only. The window size varied from 10 to 20 trading days at a 5-day increment. We used 10 to 20 days for the fast EMA curve and 40 to 50 days for the slow EMA curve. The models also incorporated a volume indicator with a fixed window size of 10 days to confirm the buy/sell signal. Furthermore, we established a profit threshold of 15% and a loss threshold of 8%.

In this Take2 iteration, we will set up the models using a trend window size for short trades only. The window size will vary from 10 to 20 trading days at a 5-day increment. We will use 10 to 20 days for the fast EMA curve and 40 to 50 days for the slow EMA curve. The models will also incorporate a volume indicator with a fixed window size of 10 days to confirm the buy/sell signal. Furthermore, we will establish a profit threshold of 15% and a loss threshold of 8%.

ANALYSIS: From iteration Take1, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018, and March 12, 2021. The top trading model produced a profit of 56.72 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 77.86 dollars per share.

In this Take2 iteration, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018, and March 12, 2021. The top trading model produced a profit of 19.93 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 77.86 dollars per share.

CONCLUSION: For the stock of AAPL during the modeling time frame, the long trading strategy with profit/loss limits did not produce a better return than the buy-and-hold approach. We should consider modeling this stock further by experimenting with more variations of the strategy.

Dataset ML Model: Time series analysis with numerical attributes

Dataset Used: Quandl

The HTML formatted report can be found here on GitHub.

Algorithmic Trading Model for Trend-Following with MACD Indicator Strategy Using Python Take 1

NOTE: This script is for learning purposes only and does not constitute a recommendation for buying or selling any stock mentioned in this script.

SUMMARY: This project aims to construct and test an algorithmic trading model and document the end-to-end steps using a template.

INTRODUCTION: This algorithmic trading model examines a simple trend-following strategy for a stock. The model enters a position when the price reaches either the highest or the lowest points for the last X number of days. The model will exit the trade when the stock’s MACD histogram switches side.

In addition to the stock price, the models will also use the trading volume indicator to confirm the buy/sell signal further. Finally, the strategy will also incorporate a profit/loss threshold. The strategy will exit the position when the profit or the loss has reached the threshold.

In this Take1 iteration, we will set up the models using a trend window size for long trades only. The window size will vary from 10 to 20 trading days at a 5-day increment. We will use 10 to 20 days for the fast EMA curve and 40 to 50 days for the slow EMA curve. The models will also incorporate a volume indicator with a fixed window size of 10 days to confirm the buy/sell signal. Furthermore, we will establish a profit threshold of 15% and a loss threshold of 8%.

ANALYSIS: In this Take1 iteration, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018, and March 12, 2021. The top trading model produced a profit of 56.72 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 77.86 dollars per share.

CONCLUSION: For the stock of AAPL during the modeling time frame, the long trading strategy with profit/loss limits did not produce a better return than the buy-and-hold approach. We should consider modeling this stock further by experimenting with more variations of the strategy.

Dataset ML Model: Time series analysis with numerical attributes

Dataset Used: Quandl

The HTML formatted report can be found here on GitHub.

Algorithmic Trading Model for Trend-Following with Moving Averages Crossover Strategy Using Python Take 3

NOTE: This script is for learning purposes only and does not constitute a recommendation for buying or selling any stock mentioned in this script.

SUMMARY: This project aims to construct and test an algorithmic trading model and document the end-to-end steps using a template.

INTRODUCTION: This algorithmic trading model examines a simple trend-following strategy for a stock. The model enters a position when the price reaches either the highest or the lowest points for the last X number of days. The model will exit the trade when the stock’s fast and slow moving-average lines cross each other.

In addition to the stock price, the models will also use the trading volume indicator to confirm the buy/sell signal further. Finally, the strategy will also incorporate a fixed holding window. The system will exit the position when the holding window reaches the maximum window size.

From iteration Take1, we set up the models using a trend window size for long trades only. The window size varied from 10 to 50 trading days at a 5-day increment. We used 20 to 40 days for the fast-moving average and 50 to 80 days for the slow-moving average. The models also incorporated a volume indicator with a fixed window size of 10 days to confirm the buy/sell signal. Furthermore, we did not limit the holding period by setting the maximum holding period to 999 days for this iteration.

From iteration Take2, we set up the models using a trend window size for short trades only. The window size varied from 10 to 50 trading days at a 5-day increment. We used 20 to 40 days for the fast-moving average and 50 to 80 days for the slow-moving average. The models also incorporated a volume indicator with a fixed window size of 10 days to confirm the buy/sell signal. Furthermore, we did not limit the holding period by setting the maximum holding period to 999 days for this iteration.

In this Take3 iteration, we will set up the models using a trend window size for both long and short trades. The window size will vary from 10 to 50 trading days at a 5-day increment. We will use 20 to 40 days for the fast-moving average and 50 to 80 days for the slow-moving average. The models will also incorporate a volume indicator with a fixed window size of 10 days to confirm the buy/sell signal. Furthermore, we will not limit the holding period by setting the maximum holding period to 999 days for this iteration.

ANALYSIS: From iteration Take1, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018, and February 19, 2021. The top trading model produced a profit of 92.77 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 87.70 dollars per share.

From iteration Take2, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018, and February 19, 2021. The top trading model produced a loss of 3.57 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 87.70 dollars per share.

In this Take3 iteration, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018, and February 19, 2021. The top trading model produced a profit of 67.40 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 87.70 dollars per share.

CONCLUSION: For the stock of AAPL during the modeling time frame, the long-and-short trading strategy did not produce a better return than the buy-and-hold approach. However, we should consider modeling this stock further by experimenting with more variations of the strategy.

Dataset ML Model: Time series analysis with numerical attributes

Dataset Used: Quandl

The HTML formatted report can be found here on GitHub.

Algorithmic Trading Model for Trend-Following with Moving Averages Crossover Strategy Using Python Take 2

NOTE: This script is for learning purposes only and does not constitute a recommendation for buying or selling any stock mentioned in this script.

SUMMARY: This project aims to construct and test an algorithmic trading model and document the end-to-end steps using a template.

INTRODUCTION: This algorithmic trading model examines a simple trend-following strategy for a stock. The model enters a position when the price reaches either the highest or the lowest points for the last X number of days. The model will exit the trade when the stock’s fast and slow moving-average lines cross each other.

In addition to the stock price, the models will also use the trading volume indicator to confirm the buy/sell signal further. Finally, the strategy will also incorporate a fixed holding window. The system will exit the position when the holding window reaches the maximum window size.

From iteration Take1, we set up the models using a trend window size for long trades only. The window size varied from 10 to 50 trading days at a 5-day increment. We used 20 to 40 days for the fast-moving average and 50 to 80 days for the slow-moving average. The models also incorporated a volume indicator with a fixed window size of 10 days to confirm the buy/sell signal. Furthermore, we did not limit the holding period by setting the maximum holding period to 999 days for this iteration.

In this Take2 iteration, we will set up the models using a trend window size for short trades only. The window size will vary from 10 to 50 trading days at a 5-day increment. We will use 20 to 40 days for the fast-moving average and 50 to 80 days for the slow-moving average. The models will also incorporate a volume indicator with a fixed window size of 10 days to confirm the buy/sell signal. Furthermore, we will not limit the holding period by setting the maximum holding period to 999 days for this iteration.

ANALYSIS: From iteration Take1, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018, and February 19, 2021. The top trading model produced a profit of 92.77 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 87.70 dollars per share.

In this Take2 iteration, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018, and February 19, 2021. The top trading model produced a loss of 3.57 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 87.70 dollars per share.

CONCLUSION: For the stock of AAPL during the modeling time frame, the short-only trading strategy produced a much worse return than the buy-and-hold approach. However, we should consider modeling this stock further by experimenting with more variations of the strategy.

Dataset ML Model: Time series analysis with numerical attributes

Dataset Used: Quandl

The HTML formatted report can be found here on GitHub.

Algorithmic Trading Model for Trend-Following with Moving Averages Crossover Strategy Using Python Take 1

NOTE: This script is for learning purposes only and does not constitute a recommendation for buying or selling any stock mentioned in this script.

SUMMARY: This project aims to construct and test an algorithmic trading model and document the end-to-end steps using a template.

INTRODUCTION: This algorithmic trading model examines a simple trend-following strategy for a stock. The model enters a position when the price reaches either the highest or the lowest points for the last X number of days. The model will exit the trade when the stock’s fast and slow moving-average lines cross each other.

In addition to the stock price, the models will also use the trading volume indicator to confirm the buy/sell signal further. Finally, the strategy will also incorporate a fixed holding window. The system will exit the position when the holding window reaches the maximum window size.

In this Take1 iteration, we will set up the models using a trend window size for long trades only. The window size will vary from 10 to 50 trading days at a 5-day increment. We will use 20 to 40 days for the fast-moving average and 50 to 80 days for the slow-moving average. The models will also incorporate a volume indicator with a fixed window size of 10 days to confirm the buy/sell signal. Furthermore, we will not limit the holding period by setting the maximum holding period to 999 days for this iteration.

ANALYSIS: In this Take1 iteration, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018, and February 19, 2021. The top trading model produced a profit of 92.77 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 87.70 dollars per share.

CONCLUSION: For the stock of AAPL during the modeling time frame, the long-only trading strategy produced a better return than the buy-and-hold approach. However, we should consider modeling this stock further by experimenting with more variations of the strategy.

Dataset ML Model: Time series analysis with numerical attributes

Dataset Used: Quandl

The HTML formatted report can be found here on GitHub.

Algorithmic Trading Model for Trend-Following with Holding Period Strategy Using Python Take 4

NOTE: This script is for learning purposes only and does not constitute a recommendation for buying or selling any stock mentioned in this script.

SUMMARY: This project aims to construct and test an algorithmic trading model and document the end-to-end steps using a template.

INTRODUCTION: This algorithmic trading model examines a simple trend-following strategy for a stock. The model buys a stock when the price reaches the highest price for the last X number of days. The model will exit the position when the stock price crosses below the mean of the same window size.

In addition to the stock price, the models will also use the trading volume indicator to confirm the buy/sell signal further. Finally, the strategy will also incorporate a fixed holding window. The system will exit the position when the holding window reaches the maximum window size.

From iteration Take1, we set up the models using a trend window size for long trades only. The window size varied from 10 to 50 trading days at a 5-day increment. The models also examined a volume indicator with a varying window size between 10 and 15 days to confirm the buy/sell signal further. We will not limit the holding period by setting the maximum holding period to 99 days for this iteration.

From iteration Take2, we set up the models using a trend window size for long trades only. The window size varied from 10 to 50 trading days at a 5-day increment. The model also examined a volume indicator with a varying window size between 10 and 15 days to confirm the buy/sell signal further. Furthermore, we limited the holding period by setting the maximum holding period between 10 and 90 days at a 10-day increment.

From iteration Take3, we set up the models using a trend window size for long and short trades. The window size varied from 10 to 50 trading days at a 5-day increment. The models also examined a volume indicator with a varying window size between 10 and 15 days to confirm the buy/sell signal further. We did not limit the holding period by setting the maximum holding period to 99 days for this iteration.

In this Take4 iteration, we will set up the models using a trend window size for long and short trades. The window size will vary from 10 to 50 trading days at a 5-day increment. The models will also examine a volume indicator with a varying window size between 10 and 15 days to confirm the buy/sell signal further. Furthermore, we will limit the holding period by setting the maximum holding period between 10 and 90 days at a 10-day increment.

ANALYSIS: From iteration Take1, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018 and December 31, 2020. The top trading model produced a profit of 95.90 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 91.54 dollars per share.

From iteration Take2, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018 and December 31, 2020. The top trading model produced a profit of 89.76 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 91.54 dollars per share.

From iteration Take3, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018 and December 31, 2020. The top trading model produced a profit of 83.43 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 91.54 dollars per share.

In this Take4 iteration, we analyzed the stock prices for Apple Inc. (AAPL) between January 1, 2018 and December 31, 2020. The top trading model produced a profit of 83.43 dollars per share. The buy-and-hold approach yielded a gain of 91.54 dollars per share.

CONCLUSION: For the stock of AAPL during the modeling time frame, the trading strategy did not produce a better return than the buy-and-hold approach. However, we should consider modeling this stock further by experimenting with more variations of the strategy.

Dataset ML Model: Time series analysis with numerical attributes

Dataset Used: Quandl

The HTML formatted report can be found here on GitHub.